o examine the effects of both diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors.
148 participants (men and women) without clinical cardiovascular disease and diabetes were taken part in the trial. Sixty participants (82%) in the low-fat group and 59 (79%) in the low-carbohydrate group.
A low-carbohydrate (<40 gram/day) or low-fat (<30% of daily energy intake from total fat [<7% saturated fat]) diet. Both groups received dietary counseling at regular intervals throughout the trial.
At 12 months, participants on the low-carbohydrate diet had greater decreases in weight and fat mass, greater increases in High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level than those on the low-fat diet.