Saturday, November 9, 2013

Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)

Five years ago, I have signed up with the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program - An initiated program by the Australian Government.
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) recommended screening with FOBT every 2 years from the age of 50 years.
The test is called Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT). Although no screening test is 100% accurate, the FOBT is at present the most well researched screening test.

The result at time (5 years ago) was negative. Yesterday I received another Screening Program Kit by mail.

The kit comes with a complete set needed for screening purpose including the plain English instruction.
It is easy, quick, pain free, done in my home and at my convenience. In just a few minutes, sample would be collected and send it back courtesy of the Pre-paid envelope.
In Australia about one in 19 men and one in 28 women will develop bowel cancer before the age of 75. This is one of the highest rates in the world. In 2009 about 14,410 new cases of bowel cancer were diagnosed and 2010 approximately 4,000 people died from the disease. This marks bowel cancer the second most common cause of caner-related death after lung cancer.
Men diagnosed with Lung cancer: 4,934 cases, Prostate cancer: 3,234 cases, Bowel cancer: 2,205 cases. Women diagnosed with Lung cancer: 3,165 cases, Breast cancer: 2,840 cases. Bowel cancer: 1,777 cases. (Source: National Bowel Cancer Screening Program Booklet)
What is Bowel Cancer?
Bowel Cancer is a malignant growth that develops most commonly inside the large bowel.
Most bowel cancers develop from tiny growths called polyps. Polyps look like small spot on the bowel lining or like cherries on the stalks. Not all polyps become cancerous. If polyps are removed, your risk of bowel cancer is reduced.
What is screening?
Screening involves testing for  cancer in people who do not have any obvious symptoms of the disease. The aim is to find polyps or cancer early when they are easier to treat and cure.
Bowel cancer can develop without any early warning signs. The cancer can grow on the inside wall of the bowel for several years before spreading to other parts of the s of blood leak from these growths and pass into the bowel before any symptoms are noticed.
Source: National Bowel Cancer Screening Program Booklet ISBN: 978-1-74241-975-6. May 2013)

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